Li Qi, Dean of the Institute of Machinery Industry Information, pointed out that the world is now in a period of change with the intensification of the game between big powers, the reshaping of the international trade order and the rise of a new round of industrial revolution. The last decade is the key period to determine the industrial structure of the next century. The major developed countries in the West have implemented the strategy of "re-industrialization" one after another, and continuously increased their efforts to promote the development of their manufacturing industries. Especially in the past year, the United States, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and other manufacturing powers have issued new industrial plans, focusing on advanced manufacturing and other fields, and are committed to seizing the window opportunities for industrial change. Li Qi pointed out that in the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China has developed into the largest manufacturing country and the largest trading country in goods. China's manufacturing industry has merged into an organic whole with the global industrial chain. But it should also be noted that China's manufacturing industry is still large but not strong. For example, special production equipment, special production line and special inspection system for manufacturing major technical equipment and high-end equipment products mainly rely on imports, which seriously restricts the innovation and development of China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry. In terms of manufacturing technology, we still lag far behind foreign countries in terms of high speed, high precision, high strength and high stability.
In recent years, China's overall social and economic "de-reality to virtual" trend has not been fundamentally reversed. In 2010, industrial added value accounted for 40%, in 2018 to 33.9%, of which the proportion of manufacturing industry dropped from 32.4% to 29.3% a decade ago, and a large number of resources flowed into the financial and real estate fields. When China's technological development level and labor productivity are far from the level of western developed countries, the phenomenon of "excessive de-industrialization" appears, which is likely to lead to the danger of "industrial hollowing" in the long run, and the motive force of maintaining medium and high-speed economic growth in the long run will weaken. At the same time, China's manufacturing industry is also facing major historical opportunities.
In response to the above complex situation, we need to strengthen top-level design, promote multi-dimensional efforts in industrial policy, trade policy, science and technology policy and financial policy, and implement policies accurately. Policy formulation should not only meet market principles and international practices, but also have the characteristics of China's industrial development.
Li Qi pointed out that the period of industrial transformation is also the opportunity for the birth of a new industrial model. We study the history of manufacturing development in developed countries. The important sign of a country's manufacturing industry from a big to strong is to produce a number of leading enterprises with core technology. They are more enterprising after technology and market leadership. Sufficient combination of national conditions, integration of culture, in order to change, and ultimately produce their own manufacturing model and even manufacturing philosophy. We can see that the symbolic event of the rise of American manufacturing industry is that Ford created an era of mass production through pipeline innovation in the early 20th century. The real development of Japanese manufacturing industry is the continuous improvement of American manufacturing mode by Toyota Motor Co. in the middle of 20th century, and eventually formed Toyota with its own characteristics. Lean production mode of farmland.
In recent years, the Machinery Think Tank has actively carried out research and found that a number of leading champion enterprises have emerged in China's manufacturing industry, such as Huawei, CITIC Daika, Zhongche, Weichai and Xugong. These enterprises are good at learning, manufacturing and technology. After decades of development, they are not only leading in scale. Moreover, it can integrate Chinese culture, combine the characteristic advantages of industrial development, absorb advanced manufacturing technology, and form an industrial development model with Chinese characteristics. These enterprises will be the main force of China's manufacturing industry from big to strong, and also the main shaper of China's manufacturing model. They will write Chinese manufacturing on the land of China!